How can I verify that an element is visible on the page using Selenium WebDriver?

Verifying that an element is visible on the page using Selenium WebDriver involves checking that the element is not only present in the DOM but also displayed to the user. Selenium provides methods to check the visibility of elements.

Here are the steps and the code to verify element visibility in Python and JavaScript using Selenium WebDriver:

Python with Selenium

First, make sure you have installed Selenium and the necessary WebDriver for the browser you want to test on.

pip install selenium

Here's an example using Python with Selenium to check if an element is visible:

from selenium import webdriver
from import By
from import WebDriverWait
from import expected_conditions as EC

# Initialize the WebDriver (example with Chrome)
driver = webdriver.Chrome(executable_path='/path/to/chromedriver')

# Open the desired URL

# Use WebDriverWait to wait for the element to be present in the DOM
    element = WebDriverWait(driver, 10).until(
        EC.presence_of_element_located((By.ID, 'element-id'))
    # Check if the element is visible
    if element.is_displayed():
        print("Element is visible")
        print("Element is not visible")

JavaScript with Selenium WebDriver

First, ensure you have Selenium WebDriver installed for Node.js:

npm install selenium-webdriver

Here's an example using JavaScript with Selenium WebDriver to check if an element is visible:

const { Builder, By, until } = require('selenium-webdriver');

(async function example() {
    let driver = await new Builder().forBrowser('chrome').build();

    try {
        // Open the desired URL
        await driver.get('');

        // Wait for the element to be present in the DOM
        let element = await driver.wait(until.elementLocated('element-id')), 10000);

        // Check if the element is visible
        let isVisible = await element.isDisplayed();
        if (isVisible) {
            console.log("Element is visible");
        } else {
            console.log("Element is not visible");
    } finally {
        await driver.quit();


  • Replace /path/to/chromedriver with the actual path to your ChromeDriver executable.
  • Replace '' with the actual URL you want to test.
  • Replace 'element-id' with the actual ID of the element you want to check for visibility. You can also use other selectors like By.CLASS_NAME, By.XPATH, etc., depending on how you want to locate the element.
  • In both examples, WebDriverWait is used to wait for the element to be present in the DOM before checking its visibility. This is important because it takes time for elements to be loaded and rendered, especially on dynamic web pages.
  • The is_displayed() method in Python and isDisplayed() method in JavaScript return a boolean indicating whether the element is visible to a user.

Remember that an element can be present in the DOM but not visible due to various reasons such as CSS styles (display: none, visibility: hidden), or if the element is outside of the viewport (not scrolled into view). The is_displayed() function checks for these conditions.

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