Is it possible to integrate Selenium WebDriver with Continuous Integration (CI) tools?

Yes, it's definitely possible to integrate Selenium WebDriver with Continuous Integration (CI) tools. Continuous Integration is a development practice wherein developers integrate code into a shared repository frequently and each integration is verified by an automated build and automated tests. Integrating Selenium WebDriver with CI tools allows you to run your automated browser tests whenever changes are pushed to the codebase, ensuring that new changes don't break existing functionality.

Here's how you can integrate Selenium WebDriver into some popular CI tools:


  1. Install Jenkins: If you haven't already, install Jenkins on your integration server.
  2. Install Plugins: Install necessary plugins like the "Selenium Plugin" and any other plugins you may need for your project.
  3. Configure the Build: Create a new job in Jenkins and configure your source code management (e.g., Git).
  4. Add Build Steps: Add build steps to invoke your Selenium tests. This is usually done by adding a build step to execute shell commands or a batch script that runs the Selenium tests.

Example shell command to run a Python Selenium test:

  1. Run and Monitor: Run the build and monitor the output. Jenkins will display the test results as part of the build output.

Travis CI

  1. Travis Configuration: Add a .travis.yml file to your repository with the necessary configuration to run Selenium tests.

Example .travis.yml for a Python project with Selenium tests:

language: python
  - "3.8"
  firefox: latest
  chrome: stable
  - wget -O /tmp/LATEST_RELEASE
  - unzip /tmp/ -d ~/bin
  - pip install -r requirements.txt
  - "export DISPLAY=:99.0"
  - "sh -e /etc/init.d/xvfb start"
  - sleep 3
  - python3
  1. Push to Repository: Push your code with the .travis.yml file to your GitHub repository.
  2. Travis Builds: Travis CI will automatically detect the new push to the repository and run the build as described in the .travis.yml.

GitHub Actions

  1. Workflow Configuration: Create a workflow .yml file in the .github/workflows/ directory of your repository.

Example .github/workflows/selenium.yml for a Python project:

name: Selenium Tests

on: [push]

    runs-on: ubuntu-latest
        python-version: [3.8]
    - uses: actions/checkout@v2
    - name: Set up Python ${{ matrix.python-version }}
      uses: actions/setup-python@v2
        python-version: ${{ matrix.python-version }}
    - name: Install dependencies
      run: |
        pip install -r requirements.txt
    - name: Run Selenium Tests
      run: |
  1. Push Workflow File: Push the workflow file to your repository.
  2. GitHub Actions: GitHub Actions will detect the workflow file and run the Selenium tests as specified whenever the specified trigger event occurs (e.g., a push to the repository).

GitLab CI/CD

  1. GitLab CI Configuration: Add a .gitlab-ci.yml file to the root of your repository.

Example .gitlab-ci.yml for a Python project:

image: python:3.8

  - test

  stage: test
    - pip install -r requirements.txt
    - python3
  1. Push to Repository: Commit the .gitlab-ci.yml file to your repository.
  2. GitLab CI/CD: GitLab will automatically run the pipeline defined in the .gitlab-ci.yml file when changes are pushed to the repository.

In all cases, you may need to ensure that your CI environment has the necessary browsers and WebDriver executables installed. You might also need to set up services like Selenium Grid or use cloud-based browser providers like Sauce Labs or BrowserStack for more complex testing scenarios.

By integrating Selenium WebDriver tests into your CI pipeline, you can automatically verify that your web application works as expected after every change, which is an excellent practice for maintaining high-quality software.

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