What should I do if I encounter an SSL error while using urllib3?

If you encounter an SSL error while using urllib3, it can be due to various reasons, such as expired certificates, self-signed certificates, certificates from an untrusted authority, or a mismatch in the SSL configuration between the client and the server. Here are some steps you can take to troubleshoot and resolve the issue:

1. Verify the Server's SSL Certificate

Before making any changes to your code, ensure that the SSL certificate of the server you're trying to reach is valid. You can do this by visiting the URL in your web browser and checking the security status, or by using online tools like SSL Labs' SSL Test.

2. Update Certificates

Make sure that the certificate bundle used by urllib3 is up to date. If you're using certifi, you can update it with pip:

pip install --upgrade certifi

3. Use a Custom Certificate Bundle

If you know the server's SSL certificate is valid but not recognized by the default certificate bundle, you can specify a custom CA bundle path in urllib3:

import urllib3

http = urllib3.PoolManager(

response = http.request('GET', 'https://example.com/')

4. Disable SSL Verification (Not Recommended)

As a last resort, you can choose to bypass SSL verification. This is generally not recommended because it makes your application vulnerable to man-in-the-middle attacks, but it can be temporarily useful for testing purposes or when working with self-signed certificates in a controlled environment.

import urllib3

# Disable warnings for unverified HTTPS requests

http = urllib3.PoolManager(cert_reqs='CERT_NONE')

response = http.request('GET', 'https://example.com/')

Warning: Disabling SSL verification exposes your application to security risks. Use this approach with caution and only when absolutely necessary.

5. Configure SSL/TLS Version

If there's a mismatch in the SSL/TLS versions supported by the client and server, you can specify the SSL version to use:

import ssl
import urllib3

http = urllib3.PoolManager(

response = http.request('GET', 'https://example.com/')

6. Debugging SSL Errors

To get more information about the SSL error, you can enable logging in urllib3, which might give you clues on how to resolve it:

import logging
import urllib3

# Enable logging at the DEBUG level
requests_log = logging.getLogger("urllib3")
requests_log.propagate = True

http = urllib3.PoolManager()
response = http.request('GET', 'https://example.com/')

7. Consult Documentation and Community

If none of the above solutions work, refer to the urllib3 documentation, and consider reaching out to the community through forums or the project's issue tracker for additional help.


It's important to handle SSL errors carefully to maintain the security of your application. Only bypass SSL verification if you're aware of the risks and have a specific reason to do so. For production environments, always ensure proper SSL verification is in place to protect your application and its users.

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