Can I customize the user-agent string with urllib3?

Yes, you can customize the user-agent string when making requests with urllib3. The user-agent string is a part of the request headers that allows the server to identify the type of client making the request. Customizing this string can be useful for a variety of reasons, such as mimicking a browser request or avoiding detection when web scraping.

Here's how you can set a custom user-agent string using urllib3 in Python:

import urllib3

# Create a PoolManager instance
http = urllib3.PoolManager()

# Define your custom User-Agent string
user_agent = 'Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 10.0; Win64; x64) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/58.0.3029.110 Safari/537.3'

# Make a GET request with the custom User-Agent header
# You should replace '' with the URL you want to scrape
response = http.request('GET', '', headers={'User-Agent': user_agent})

# Print the response data

In this example, we create an instance of PoolManager, which is a class that handles connection pooling and thread safety in urllib3. When making the request, we include a dictionary with our custom headers, including the User-Agent.

Changing the user-agent can help with web scraping, as some websites might block or serve different content to non-browser user-agents or those that are identified as bots. By using a common browser user-agent, your request looks more like it's coming from a real user's browser.

Please be aware that web scraping can have legal and ethical implications. Always ensure that you are allowed to scrape the target website and that you comply with the site’s terms of service and robots.txt file. It is also considered good practice to not overload the website's server by making too many requests in a short period.

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